Edited on 10/15/09 to add: Here is a link to Briansew's blog which contains a video of me demonstrating how to make shoulder pads. Also included are PDFs of the written instructions and the materials list.
Good shoulder pads for tailoring are increasingly hard to find, and they can be pricey. But if you have a favorite multi-layer shoulder pad, you can clone the pattern quickly and easily. Then you can construct your own no-sew shoulder pads in less than half an hour and with considerable savings.
To clone your pattern, trace each layer of the shoulder pad onto a clear plastic template sheet as shown in the photo above.
Note that I have marked each piece with a number corresponding to that part's layer on the pad. Also note that clear template sheets are available in the quilting section of Hancock's and Joann.
Then cut each layer of the pad from your choice of material. I used fusible fleece, which is slightly firmer than quilting fleece, but I did not fuse the fabric. You can construct the top layer with a sheet of synthetic felt. I used black felt.
To assemble your shoulder pad, simply glue the pieces together in the proper numerical order using a permanent spray glue such as Sullivan's Quick Stick.
A finished shoulder pad is shown below. Note that the shoulder pad I made also includes an optional chest shield made of punch batting. This shield has been machine stitched to the outer edge of the pad.