SIGNUP - FREE Membership and 1 FREE Sewing Lesson
| FAQ | Login
 

Platinum Sponsor
Fashion Fabrics Club
Fashion Fabrics Club

Forum > Beginner's Forum > 2 way stretch vs 4 way stretch...? ( Moderated by EleanorSews)

Please LOGIN or Join PatternReview
Go to Page:
2 way stretch vs 4 way stretch...?
I'm confused
Foxsews
Foxsews  Friend of PR
Advanced
Member since 11/9/12
Posts: 26
Send Message

      



Date: 3/16/13 7:22 PM

I've sewn a lot but am trying to conquer knits. What has me puzzled are the terms 2 way stretch, 4 way stretch, all ways stretch. I've searched for answers but can find none.

To me some fabric stretches width ways, but not up & down.
Is this 2 way stretch? (Seems like 1 way to me.)

Then some fabrics stretch width wise and up and down...
4 way stretch? (I'd call it 2 ways...)

Then some fabrics stretch all ways? This makes no sense as even wovens stretch on the bias.

Can anyone give me a primer on what the stretches mean. (I do get the percentages...at least.)

Thank you.
CM

Andi
star
Andi
Advanced
New York USA
Member since 8/24/02
Posts: 1116
Send Message

      



In reply to Foxsews <<


Date: 3/16/13 7:31 PM

Different vendors use different terms, so there are times where you may need to clarify before buying online.

2 way means it stretches in one direction, but it might be width-wise , or length wise. A 4 way stretch will stretch length wise and width wise. Both a 2 way and a 4 way will stretch diagonally, like awoven has give along the bias. In general, if you are making a knit garment, you position the most stretch around your body.

HTH!

mkhpaintsew
mkhpaintsew  Friend of PR
Intermediate
Indiana USA
Member since 4/5/06
Posts: 209
Send Message

      
thumbsup 2 members like this.



Date: 3/16/13 8:09 PM

Peggy Sayers says there is really only a 1 way stretch or a 2 way stretch. Just because you can pull from both sides of the fabric at once (ie both sides of the selvedge) doesn't make it a 2 way stretch. It's only a 1 way stretch. That being said, some people will call a 1 way stretch a 2 way, and a 2 way stretch a 4 or all way stretch.
Is that clear as mud?

diane s
star
diane s  Friend of PR
Intermediate
Oregon USA
Member since 8/24/02
Posts: 4782
online now
Send Message

      
thumbsup 1 member likes this.



Date: 3/16/13 8:55 PM

It's very confusing, when I wrote fabric descriptions I called it 1-way and 4-way stretch, just for that reason.

------
My grandmother taught me to sew when I was 10, and I've been sewing ever since.

Foxsews
Foxsews  Friend of PR
Advanced
Member since 11/9/12
Posts: 26
Send Message

      



Date: 3/17/13 0:08 AM

Oh. Yeah, clear as mud.
Well I note the fabric stores online seem to go with 2-way & 4-way...but at least now I can translate.

I like 1 way and 2 way....but they didn't ask me.

Thanks!

CM

Andi
star
Andi
Advanced
New York USA
Member since 8/24/02
Posts: 1116
Send Message

      



In reply to Foxsews <<


Date: 3/17/13 0:56 AM

Also, sometimes vendors say it has cross wise and length wise stretch, only to find stretch in one direction, and "give" in the other. Knowing the % of stretch in each direction as well as the snappyness or recovery after being stretched really helps to know what you are going to get.

Sew4Fun
starstarstarstar
Sew4Fun
Advanced
AUSTRALIA
Member since 6/23/04
Posts: 4874
Send Message

      



In reply to Foxsews <<
thumbsup 7 members like this.


Date: 3/17/13 1:23 AM

My understanding is this. There is one-way, two-way and four way stretch.

One-way stretch means a fabric will stretch on the crossgrain (side to side) but won't recover. Jersey and interlock knits without lycra are a prime example.

Two-way stretch means a fabric stretches on the crossgrain and also recovers. Hence the "two" part - stretch and recover. Jersey knits with lycra are a good example.

Four-way stretch means a fabric stretches and recovers both on the cross and lengthwise grains. Nylon/lycra swimsuit fabrics are an example of a four-way stretch fabric.

Confusion however reigns when people don't understand the difference between one-way and two-way stretch fabric, and don't take the recovery of the fabric into account. It's not only about the stretch. It's also about the recovery.

One-way: stretch on the crossgrain, no recovery (no lycra)
Two way: stretch and recover on the crossgrain (contains lycra)
Four-way: Stretch and recover on both the crossgrain and lengthwise grains (contains lycra)

I hope this makes sense.

------
Belinda. Melbourne, Australia
http://sew-4-fun.blogspot.com/

Foxsews
Foxsews  Friend of PR
Advanced
Member since 11/9/12
Posts: 26
Send Message

      



In reply to Sew4Fun <<


Date: 3/17/13 12:15 PM

It makes perfect sense! the way you explain it.
Recovery is very important.
Thanks.
CM

nitsel
nitsel  Friend of PR
Intermediate
Member since 12/25/11
Posts: 165
Send Message

      



In reply to Foxsews <<


Date: 3/17/13 1:44 PM

Thank you for asking about this-I learned something today, too!

diane s
star
diane s  Friend of PR
Intermediate
Oregon USA
Member since 8/24/02
Posts: 4782
online now
Send Message

      



Date: 3/17/13 2:11 PM

There are swimsuit lycras with one way stretch, often the stretch is lengthwise. I learned the hard way when I bought a 1/4 yd of swimsuit lycra to make some binding for a fleece project and there was possibly 10% stretch crosswise.

------
My grandmother taught me to sew when I was 10, and I've been sewing ever since.

Go to Page:
Please LOGIN or Join PatternReview

printable version Printable Version

* Advertising and soliciting is strictly prohibited on PatternReview.com. If you find a post which is not in agreement with our Terms and Conditions, please click on the Report Post button to report it. Beginner's Forum >> 2 way stretch vs 4 way stretch...?

Merchants on PR

Patterns from the Past


vintage sewing patterns
Deals!

Reconstructing History


Reconstructing History
Web site

Elliott Berman Textiles


Fabrics for Greater Ideas
Deals!

Gwyn Hug


Fabric Shopping Help!
Deals!

Lanetzliving Vintage Sewing Patterns


Vintage Sewing Patterns
Deals!

 
adv. search»
pattern | machine | member
        
Beginners Guide to Dyeing Fabrics
Beginners Guide to Dyeing Fabrics

Register

Sewing Basics
Sewing Basics

Register

McCall's 5743

photo
by: jaxjax

Review
Butterick 4801

photo
by: 1SewSweet

Review
Favorite Things The Boot Slippers Pattern

Favorite Things The Boot Slippers Pattern

Buy Now
Jamie Christina Mission Maxi Pattern (JC312MM)

Jamie Christina Mission Maxi Pattern (JC312MM)

Buy Now

Conditions of Use | Posting Guidelines | Privacy Policy | Shipping Rates | Returns & Refunds | Contact Us | About | New To PR | Advertising

Copyright © 2014 PatternReview.com® , OSATech, Inc. All rights reserved.